Carolin is a Research Officer (Legal and Policy) at Privacy International and shares responsibility for developing the Global Surveillance Monitor. She holds a BA in European Studies from Maastricht University and an LLM with distinction in European Law from the University of Edinburgh. Her individual research focus in both her Bachelors and Masters Thesis was on the intersection of national security (specifically anti-terror policies) and the right to privacy in the European context, and she has conducted in-depth case studies on the SWIFT and PNR Agreements. Her research interests are technology and the law, human rights, EU external relations and EU justice and home affairs. Carolin has undertaken internships at the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of Europe.
“This judgment exposes the widespread and sinister nature of police surveillance of ordinary members of the public in this country. It also acts as a safeguard against the creeping criminalisation of peaceful protest. The Association of Police Officers and Metropolitan Police Commissioner have sanctioned this unlawful conduct for almost a decade and must be made accountable”.1
In November 2012 the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled in M.M v. the United Kingdom that retention and disclosure of a job applicant’s police records to potential employers was incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights. The Court ruled that the practice cannot be regarded as being in accordance with the law. This judgment is a key step in establishing privacy rights over data held by the police, and comes at an important time when governments are rewriting the rules around data retention and disclosure practices in the criminal sphere.