Philippe M. Frowd is a doctoral candidate in political science at McMaster University. His interests lie at the intersection of technology, security and human rights. He is currently researching border security practices in West Africa with an emphasis on international police cooperation, infrastructure-building, and biometric ID.
In the wake of recent revelations about the NSA’s extensive surveillance powers over foreigners and American citizens, an ever-fuller picture of mass surveillance is being drawn in the US, the UK, and across the Western world. But what about clandestine surveillance practices in African states?