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II. Surveillance policies

National ID

In early 2005, Cuba and Venezuela reached an agreement to improve the Venezuelan identification system in compliance with the Organic Law on Identification. The law aims at using biometric technology to ensure an efficient system of identification by consolidating the digitization and updating of data, as well as by issuing an identification card with a digital fingerprint.1

According to the Government Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information (Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Comunicación e Información), the new required official government polycarbonate electronic identification card would be established, containing "more information than you could believe possible." This has not yet been implemented, but is still an active project.2

Financial privacy

In November 2001, Decree 1526 of the General Law for Banks and Other Financial Institutions (LGBOIF) was enacted.3 The law urges that the security of information systems be maintained in order to reduce or eradicate financial crimes, which affect public deposits, as well as develop better services for their customers in dealing with bank transactions. According to the LGBOIF, other organizations, such as the Ombudsman, the Attorney General, and the Institute for Consumer Defense and Education, should be familiar with depositors' complaints. In September 2004, the Ombudsman requested the annulment of Article 192 of the LGBOIF, stating that it was unconstitutional. In the Ombudsman's opinion, the processing of the personal data contained in the Central Risk Information System (SICRI) allegedly "harms the constitutional rights and the collective and extended (difusos) rights of citizens registered in SICRI."4