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Chapter: 

IV. Governance issues

E-government

The Greek Ministry of the Interior is actively engaged in the delivery of e-government projects, including the creation of a data and voice network connecting approximately 2,000 public bodies via the National Public Administration Network. "Additionally, we are promoting the further development of the Citizen Service Centres (KEP), developing information technology infrastructure and introducing contemporary tools in various government organisations," said Mr. Pavlopoulos, then Minister of the Interior. The Minister spoke at the E-Government Forum organised by The Economist in Athens on 19 October 2004.1

In 2006 Greece was still trying to implement an efficient e-government policy, and to keep up with rapid EU data protection developments. As far as its e-government policy is concerned, attempts have focused on strengthening and generalising the use of KEPs (see above); additionally, emphasis was given to increasing broadband connections. Data protection has been developing rapidly. Greece, which has traditionally had strict privacy policies, is moving rather cautiously towards the necessary legislative steps for the ratification or adoption of these documents.2

As of 2010, the most widely used e-government services are its tax administration (TAXISnet)3 and social security-related services (in particular, IKA).4

 It seems as though the HDPA has not yet been consulted by the Greek government regarding these and other new initiatives in the field such as the "transactions card" or the "citizen's card" that will replace the compulsory ID card.

Open government

According to Article 5 of the Greek Code of Administrative Procedure,5 citizens have the right to access administrative documents created by government agencies.

According to the Law No. 3861/2010, most legislation and public acts have to be published on the Internet when they are enacted. Moreover, every ministry and all public services must post their budget on the Internet, along with many other acts of public interest such as nominees for ministry positions such as General Secretary and other superior public officers, the membership of committees, announcements of competitive examinations for public sector jobs and public works commissions. Acts that consist of sensitive personal data or governmental and national secrets will not be posted on the Internet and nor will secrets of intellectual property or company secrets.

Other developments

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Non-government organisations' advocacy work

No specific information has been provided under this section.

International obligations and International cooperation

Greece acceded to the 1966 UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and to its First Optional Protocol, which establishes an individual complaint mechanism.6

Greece is a member of the Council of Europe (CoE) and has signed and ratified the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR)7 and the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with Regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (ETS No. 108).8 In November 2001, Greece signed the CoE Convention on Cybercrime.9

Greece is also a member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and has adopted the OECD's Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data.

Greece has been a member of the EU since 1 January 1981.

Footnotes