III. Privacy issues
Legislative and policy responses to terrorism
The Congress ratified the Inter American Convention against Terrorism, not published until March 22, 2006, the same day that the Congress ratified the regulation to implement it.1 These have both been in force since March 22, 2006. No specific measures have been taken to implement the Convention, but the document clearly states some regulations involving individuals' bank transactions. The Congress also ratified the Regulation on the Law to prevent and punish terrorism financing activities. It is compulsory for people transferring money to fill in a questionnaire with their personal data, the data of the one transferring the money and also the identification code of the transaction. This procedure allows the Government, if there is any suspicious transaction, to check all the documents and objects related with the irregular transaction, even electronic documents.
Ibero-American data protection network
In June 2003, the Spanish Data Protection Agency (AEPD) organized the second Ibero-American Conference on the Protection of Personal Data in La Antigua (Guatemala). The result of this meeting is reflected in the Antigua Declaration (Declaración de La Antigua).2 It establishes that the protection of personal data is a fundamental right and recognizes that the processing of personal data can encourage the development of the Information Society in each Ibero-American country. At the same time, the Declaration notes the necessity to encourage the implementation of measures that guarantee a high level of protection of personal data. It also highlights the importance of establishing a permanent channel of dialogue and collaboration in data protection matters in the Ibero-American region. The Declaration also created the Ibero-American Data Protection Network (IADPN).3