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II. Surveillance policy

Military surveillance
Iraqi civilians are also under pervasive aerial surveillance. In 2004, the Iraqi military began acquiring reconnaissance aircraft to extend its surveillance capabilities across the country. The Iraqi security forces intend to purchase sixteen aerial observation and surveillance craft from Jordan-based Jordan Aerospace Industries, to oversee oil and electrical facilities, as well as coastal and border areas with significant civilian populations.1 The Iraqi military made its first two purchases in June.2 In 2007, the Department of Defense reported that the Iraqi Air Force possessed at least 14 aircraft capable of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance missions. Each air force unit monitors various key locations, relaying information to the Iraqi and Coalition ground forces on a daily basis.3
In 2004, the U.S. Army purchased blimp-like aerostat surveillance systems from Lockheed Martin to provide long-term monitoring of Iraqis from above.4 The United States military has made extensive use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) surveillance systems in Iraq, particularly the MQ-1 Predator and the MQ-9 Reaper units, which are equipped with powerful sensors and cameras, including infrared, for continuous monitoring.5 Likewise, Iraq-based British forces heavily employ UAVs, including the 4ft-long Raven unit, to provide airborne surveillance capability.6 Though Denmark withdrew its troops in August 2007, it continued to provide helicopter surveillance for Iraqi forces.7