IV. Governance issues
E-governmentThere is nothing to report under this section.
On 8 June 2004, Luxembourg adopted new legislation on the press, repealing the Acts from 1869 and 1979.1Journalists have an obligation to ensure their work does not infringe any individual's presumption of innocence or the entitlement to personal privacy, honour, or reputation.2In addition, a person who has been cited either by name or implicitly, or who has been accused wrongfully to have the inclusion, free of charge, or a reply, or information correcting the false information originally given. However, there is no general freedom of information law in Luxembourg. The new legislation only states that freedom of expression includes the right to receive and seek information.3Under the 1960 Decree on State Archives, the archives are open to the public, but citizens must make a written request explaining why they want access and ministers have broad discretion to deny requests.4
The Court of appeals ruled in July 2007 that evidence obtained in violation of the law of 2002 on data protection would be inadmissible. The Supreme Court however rescinded this decision ruling that the judge has the right to determine the admissibility of such unlawfully obtained evidence.5
In February 2008 the Court of appeals ruled that the production of proof obtained illicitly without the CNPD's prior authorisation, and proceedings that were not in accordance with the governing provisions relating to criminal prosecution and judicial investigation amounted to a violation of the right to a fair trial.6
The Grand-Ducal Decree of 12 June 2007 set out the data that may be recorded on the register of legal persons, which is maintained by the Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce.7
Civil society work
There is nothing to report under this section.
International obligations and International cooperation
Luxembourg is a member of the Council of Europe (CoE) and has signed and ratified the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with Regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (ETS No. 108).8It signed the Additional Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (ETC No. 181).9It has signed and ratified the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.10In January 2003, Luxembourg signed the CoE Convention on Cybercrime, but has not ratified it.11It is a member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and has adopted the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data.
In December 2006, Luxembourg approved the Treaty of Prà¼m, signed by Austria, Spain, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and France, enhancing cross-border police cooperation to combat terrorism, cross border crime, and illegal immigration.12This includes an online exchange of DNA profiles, fingerprints and vehicle register data.
- 1. Loi du 8 juin 2004 sur la liberté d'expression dans les medias, available in French at http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2004/0850806/0850806.pdf#page=2.
- 2. Id. at Art. 10-20.
- 3. Id. at Art. 6.
- 4. Arràªté grand-ducal fixant l'organisation et les conditions de fonctionnement des Archives de l'Etat.
- 5. Supra.
- 6. Supra.
- 7. Supra.
- 8. Signed 28 January 1981; ratified 10 February 1988; entered into force 1 June 1988.
- 9. Signed 24 February 2004; ratified 23 January 2007; entered into force 1 May 2007.
- 10. Signed 11 November 1950; ratified 3 September 1953; entered into force 3 September 1953.
- 11. Signed 28 January 2003.
- 12. Loi du 22 décembre 2006, "1. approbation du Traité entre le Royaume de Belgique, la République fédérale d'Allemagne, le Royaume d'Espagne, la République franà§aise, le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, le Royaume des Pays-Bas et la République d'Autriche relatif à l'approfondissement de la coopération transfrontalière, notamment en vue de lutter contre le terrorisme, la criminalité transfrontalière et la migration illégale, ainsi que de la Déclaration commune, signés à Prà¼m le 27 mai 2005, 2. modification de la loi du 21 décembre 2004 portant approbation du Traité entre le Royaume de Belgique, le Royaume des Pays-Bas et le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg en matière d'intervention policière transfrontalière, signé à Luxembourg, le 8 juin 2004, 3. modification de la loi du 25 août 2006 relative aux empreintes génétiques en matière pénale, 4. modification de la loi modifiée du 7 mars 1980 sur l'organisation judiciaire", available in French at http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2006/2342812/2342812.pdf#page=2.