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IV. Governance issues

Open government

In July 2001, Congress passed Law No. 17281 to regulate Article 28 of the Constitution about the access to information available in public records. Although the law states that access should be freely granted, several complaints from civil society2 persuaded the Executive Branch to veto the law, arguing that the procedure for obtaining information was extremely complicated and the exceptions to the information that might be provided were too broad. In August 2001, following the Presidential Veto, a bill proposing new text for a Law of Access to Public Information was presented to Congress by an alliance of several non-governmental organizations,3 which have been very active at promoting the right to freedom of information.4 Congress has not yet approved the bill.5

International obligations

Paraguay ratified the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights,6 the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,7 and the American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR).8 The ACHR provides that every person has "the right to have his honor respected and his dignity recognized." Additionally, "no one may be the object of arbitrary or abusive interference with his private life, his family, his home, or his correspondence, or of unlawful attacks on his honor or reputation. And everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks."