IV. Governance issues
On 3 May 2005, the Electronic Central Register started to operate in Slovenia. This is a reference electronic population register enabling authorised administrators to access the population registry electronically. The register combined three separate registries that were kept on paper. It includes all information associated with births, deaths, and marriages, as well as name changes, adoptions, recognitions of fatherhood, and divorces. At the same time, an electronic register of households was set up. This means that all registers associated with administrative bodies have now been computerised. The project was launched in 2004 and cost SIT216 million (â‚¬900,000), which includes the upgrade of the population register as well as the registers of foreigners and citizenships.1
The eDavki (eTaxes) portal enables all legal and natural entities to conduct business with the Tax Office electronically. Since 2004, taxpayers can use it to submit their income tax returns online by using a qualified certificate issued by any registered certification authority in the country. The entire process consists of filling out a form, validating data, digitally signing, and time stamping the form. The application also allows taxpayers to calculate the amount of their tax and import or export their data. Since 2007, the taxpayers automatically receive their prefilled tax declaration with the pre-calculation. If they don't object, they then just receive or pay the calculated amount of tax.2
Citizens can consult databases with job offerings and to subscribe to a weekly electronic supply of pre-selected jobs related to the given profile of the job seeker. The unemployed can register as job seekers. Employers can also consult databases of candidates. Both Slovenian online job search services are at stage four maturity. The first one is provided by the Employment Service of Slovenia and the second by the Ministry of Public Administration.3
Every person has the right to acquire information held by a public body, according to Article 39 of the Slovenian Constitution. In 2003, the Access to the Public Sector Information Act (APSIA)4 was enacted. It determines which public bodies are responsible for providing information and establishes an independent body, the Deputy for Access to Public Sector Information, whose main function is to be an appeal administrative body. The APSIA guarantees a free insight into public sector information and costs of transcripts are limited only to material costs. All public sector information must also be provided on the Internet, according to Article 10. Some types of information, such as personal data, or information important for national security are excluded from public sector information. The Ministry of Information Society is also required to issue a catalogue of public institutions that are bounded to APSIA. Slovenian Freedom of Information legislation is based on the guidelines of Article XIX5 and is harmonised with all the European laws dealing with access to public information. The new version of the APSIA Act is being prepared. If it is adopted, it will extend the right to access public information with the introduction of the so-called "public interest test." The test allows Deputy to decide that some information must be made public, even when the legal exceptions to the contrary exist, if the greater public interest in that information prevails. Another proposed change is that commercial use of public information will not be free of charge as it is now.
Non-government organisations' advocacy work
There is no NGO dealing with privacy in Slovenia, There are, however, some blogs and web-based newspapers covering issues of privacy, such as Slo-Tech.com and pravokator.si.6
International obligations and International cooperation
Slovenia is adopting part to the 1966 UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and acceded to its First Optional Protocol that establishes an individual complaint mechanism.7
Slovenia is a member of the Council of Europe (CoE) and has signed and ratified the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.8 It has also signed and ratified the Convention No. 108.9 In May 2004, Slovenia ratified the CoE Convention on Cybercrime10 and the Additional Protocol with provisions against racism and xenophobia in virtual networks.11
On 1 May 2004, Slovenia joined the European Union.
- 1. "E-Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages Launched," Public Relation and Media Office, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20060111015038/http://www.uvi.si/eng/slovenia....
- 2. A detailed list and a short description of Slovenian E-government services are available in English at http://www.epractice.eu/en/document/288365.
- 3. Id.
- 4. APSIA is available at http://www.ip-rs.si/index.php?id=324.
- 5. See http://www.article19.org/.
- 6. See http://slo-tech.com/ and http://hr-cjpc.si/pravokator/, both in Slovenian.
- 7. Slovenia became part of the ICCPR on 6 July 1992 and acceded to its First Optional Protocol on 16 July 1993. The texts of the Covenant and of its First Optional Protocol are available at http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/index.htm.
- 8. Signed 14 May 1993; ratified 28 June 1994; entered into force 28 June 1994.
- 9. Signed 23 November 1993; ratified 27 May 1994; entered into force 1 September 1994.
- 10. Convention on Cybercrime (CETS No. 185), available at http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=185&CM=8&C....
- 11. Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, Concerning the Criminalisation of Acts of a Racist and Xenophobic Nature Committed through Computer Systems (CETS No. 189), available at http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=189&CM=8&C....