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II. Methodology

Changes from 2006

  • The EU has been included, along with a further ten non-EU countries
  • England and Wales have been separated from Scotland
  • A new category "Border and trans-border issues" has been added to the criteria


  • Constitutional protections, statutory protections, and privacy enforcement reflected real and actual protections. Together with democratic safeguards they have he capacity to create a weighting that could easily counter-balance any surveillance intransigences
  • Direct comparisons in the scores from 2006 to this year are less relevant than the rankings and categorisation.


  • Based on Privacy & Human Rights 2006 research, a 1100+ pages report compiled with the assistance of researchers around the world
  • Over the past six months we have conducted further research, preparing for the 2007 report
  • Consulted broadly with experts, regulators, and policy-makers around the world
  • Based on substantive national changes and trends over the past twelve to eighteen months
  • The survey requires substantive information on national developments resulting in the exclusion of numerous countries from this year's survey.


Countries have been graded according to a mean score across fourteen criteria. These are divided into

Score range Description
4.1-5.0 Consistently upholds human right standards
3.6-4.0 Significant protections and safeguards
3.1-3.5 Adequate safeguards against abuse
2.6-3.0 Some safeguards but weakened protections
2.1-2.5 Systemic failure to uphold safeguards
1.6-2.0 Extensive surveillance societies
1.1-1.5 Endemic surveillance societies