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  • No comprehensive identity-based passenger screening system exists in the United States.
  • Attempts to create such a program have foundered for several years.
  • The attempt to build such a program has failed not only because of government incompetence, but also because the very concept has proven to be far more problematic in a democratic society than it often appears to policy-makers initially.
  • Such programs require constant oversight and mandatory reporting in their planning and development stages so that we can ensure that they are being built within legal constraints so that they are consistent with democratic values.
  • Europe must tread carefully to avoid these same problems, through generating informed public debate, providing legislative oversight and mandatory reporting, challenging legally the procedures, and questioning the technological and social implications of these designs.