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Chapter: 

III. Privacy topics

Internet and consumer privacy

E-commerce

The Internet and e-commerce industries are booming in Turkey. With a very young population (the median age is 28.8) of circa 75 million, Turkey is the second in EU for Facebook penetration and has more than 30 million Internet users, a jump from 4 million seven years ago.

With these promising figures, Turkey is in the verge of an Internet era. However, it is obvious that current legislation is not in line with international standards and their present implementation runs counter to basic human rights such as freedom of expression and freedom of information. Therefore, reforms urgently need to be carried out in order to provide conditions that allow the Turkish public to exercise their rights. As reported above, Law No. 5651 considerably limits freedom of expression and severely restricts citizens' right to access information.

Cybersecurity

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Online behavioural marketing and search engine privacy

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Online social networks and virtual communities

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Online youth safety

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Workplace privacy

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Health and genetic privacy

Medical records

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Genetic identification

No specific information has been provided under this section.

Financial privacy

Pursuant to the Debit and Credit Cards Law which was enacted in 2006, prior written consent of the cardholder is vital, and personal data such as name, address, phone numbers, emails, and any other relevant financial information, should not be disclosed, sold, exchanged, or transferred to third parties without the written and undersigned consent of the data subject.1 Both banks and transaction affiliates are liable and are obligated to take the required precautions in order to protect the cardholder/consumer from any harm.

Footnotes