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Chapter: 

III. Governance issues

Open government

Article 694 of Law No. 16.736 establishes the freedom of information at the governmental level and establishes the petitioner's right to amend or rectify erroneous or inaccurate information.1

International obligations

Uruguay is a signatory of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,2 and the American Convention on Human Rights, which recognizes the right of a person to not be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his privacy, home or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks to his honor and reputation.3


[1] Justino Jiménez de Aréchaga, La Constitución Nacional, Vol. I Fundación de Cultura Universitaria (Montevideo, at 232; José Korseniak, Derecho Constitucional, Vol. II Fundación de Cultura Universitaria (Montevideo), at 87; Martín Risso Ferrand, Derecho Constitucional, Vol. III Ingranusi Ltda. (Montevideo), at 130; Gonzalo Secco, "Bases de Datos y Protección de la Privacidad," VI Congreso Iberoamericano de Derecho e Informática (Montevideo, 1997), at 62.

[2] Constitution of the Republic of Uruguay, available at [link] (in Spanish).

[3] Id. at Article 28: "Papers belonging to individuals, and their correspondence in the form of letters, cables, or any other medium are inviolable, and may be recorded, inspected, or intercepted only in conformity with the laws established for reasons of public interest."

[4] Hector Gros Espiell, "El Art. 28 de la Constitución y las Comunicaciones Telefónicas," 86 Revista de Admnistración Pública No. 25 (Montevideo, 1999).

[5] Law No. 17.838 (October 23, 2004), available at [link] (in Spanish).

[6] Carlos E. Delpiazzo, "Posibles Medios de Protección frente a las Responsabilidades Derivadas de la Gestión de Bases de Datos en el Derecho Uruguayo," 382 Congreso Internacional de Informática y Derecho (Buenos Aires, 1990); Alberto Ramón Real, "Estado de Derecho y Humanismo Personalista," 5 (F.C.U., Montevideo, 1974); Héctor Gros Espiell, "La Dignidad Humana en los Instrumentos Internacionales de Derechos Humanos," 9 Catedra UNESCO de Derechos Humanos (Universidad de la República, Montevideo, 2003); José Aníbal Cagnoni, "La Dignidad Humana. Naturaleza y Alcances," 11 Rev. de Derecho Público (2003, No. 23).

Footnotes

  • 1. See Carlos E. Delpiazzo, "Automatizaci√≥n de la Actividad Administrativa en el Marco de la Reforma del Estado," 17 Anuario de Derecho Administrativo; also in "El Procedimiento Administrativo Electr√≥nico y el Acto Administrativo Autom√°tico," 39 A.A.V.V. ‚Äì "Recopilaci√≥n de Conferencias y Exposiciones Realizadas" (UTE, Montevideo, 1999); "Marco Legal de la Automatizaci√≥n de la Actividad Administrativa. El Expediente Electr√≥nico en Uruguay," 699 Inform√°tica y Derecho (M√©rida, 1998); "Enfoque Jur√≠dico de la Automatizaci√≥n de la Actividad Administrativa," 81 Rev. Inform√°tica y Derecho (Buenos Aires, 2002).
  • 2. Signed February 21, 1967; ratified by Law No. 13.751.
  • 3. http://www.parlamento.gub.uy/palacio3/index.htm