Data protection law is going through another revolution. Established in the 1960s and 1970s in response to the increased use of computing and databases, re-enlivened in the 1990s as a response to the trade of personal information and new market opportunities, it is now becoming much more complex.
New challenges are also emerging in the form of new technologies and business models, services, and systems increasingly rely on analytics, 'Big Data', data sharing, tracking, profiling, and artificial intelligence. The spaces and environments we inhabit and pass through generate and collect data from human behaviour. The devices we wear and carry with us, install in our homes, our channels of communications, sensors in our transport and our streets all generate more and more data.
Data protection frameworks may have their boundaries and new regulatory regimes may need to be developed to address emerging new data-intensive systems, new frameworks nevertheless provides an important and fundamental starting point to ensure that the fundamental strong regulatory and legal safeguards are implemented to provide the needed governance frameworks nationally, and globally, before we see ourselves the subject of data exploitation.
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In December 2018, in the wake of the Windrush scandal, the National Police Council, which represents police chiefs across England and Wales agreed to cease passing on to deportation authorities information about people suspected of being in the country illegally.
A 2017 lawsuit filed by Chicagoan Kyle Zak against Bose Corp alleges that the company uses the Bose Connect app associated with its high-end Q35 wireless headphones to spy on its customers, tracking the music, podcasts, and other audio they listen to and then violates their privacy rights by sell
The Home Office Christmas 2018 announcement of the post-Brexit registration scheme for EU citizens resident in the UK included the note that the data applicants supplied might be shared with other public and private organisations "in the UK and overseas".
The payday lender Wonga announced in April 2017 that a data breach at the company affected an estimated 270,000 customers, 245,000 of them in the UK and the rest in Poland.