Privacy is increasingly essential to a broad set of domains, some of which we describe below.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning may use of vast amounts of data, including personal data, to make decisions about people, groups, and societies.
Unique data, generated from characteristics of humans, may be used to track and profile people across their lives.
Governments compel companies to store data on their customers and the data they generate through using communications services.
As digital communications grow, governments continue to seek new ways of getting access to content and metadata.
The long arm of governments now reach across their borders, and the safeguards rarely extend to data in other jurisdictions.
Protecting and defending individuals, devices and networks should form the basis of any cyber security strategy.
Political campaigns around the world have turned into sophisticated data operations, to understand and manipulate election outcomes.
Laws to protect people's data by requiring companies and governments to follow the rules, and regulators to enforce them.
Changes in the financial sector provides opportunities to develop privacy-protecting instruments; unfortunately, the efforts of the industry are not very often put in this direction.
Secret agreements allow secretive intelligence agencies in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the USA to spy on the world.
Covert manipulation of and interferences with peoples' devices and software creates significant surveillance capabilities.
People are reduced to their government- and industry- issued identities, even while these systems collect more data, creating new forms of exclusion and profiling.
In its rush to connect everything, industry increases insecurity and generates more data beyond people's control.
Indiscriminate surveillance of non-suspects is a contravention of rights and a failure of the rule of law.
Individuals are vulnerable at the border of a foreign country, and technologies and laws are deepening this problem.
Advances in technology significantly advance the capabilities of police, with few safeguards and no transparency.
Automated decision-making, about people, from people's data, will shape their lives -- what they have access to, what they can do, and what they may become.
Wealthy governments increasingly push and enable other governments to deploy advanced surveillance capabilities without safeguards.
Cities full of sensors that monitor peoples' activities, generating intelligence for use by companies and governments.
The data generated through peoples' use of social media becomes valuable intelligence to others, who want to monitor, profile, and manipulate.